Amazon founder Jeff Bezos experienced just been to space—not a poor accomplishment for a Tuesday—but was not still accomplished undertaking amazing feats when he sat down for his article-start push convention. Clad in the electric powered blue jumpsuit of his area vacation company Blue Origin and his now-viral tan cowboy hat, Bezos—the world’s richest particular person, worth an believed $200 billion—leaned into the mic.

“I have a minimal surprise for you,” Bezos, flanked by his flight crew, said. “I am announcing a new philanthropic initiative. It is identified as the Braveness & Civility Award. It acknowledges leaders who goal substantial and who pursue solutions with bravery.” Then he dropped the bombshell: the award consisted of two $100 million donations to the initial two recipients—one to CNN pundit and activist Van Jones and just one to celebrity chef José Andrés. 

Bezos mentioned Jones and Andrés could immediate the money how they see fit—either to their have charities or share with other teams. “No paperwork,” he claimed. The presents appear soon after Bezos manufactured a July 14 commitment of $200 million to D.C.’s Smithsonian museum and, final year, a $10 billion pledge to combat local climate change by his Bezos Earth Fund, amid other initiatives. A resource acquainted with Jones’ thinking explained to Forbes that he “was specified absolute autonomy on all determination-making” about distributing the funds and added that “the reward came as a surprise to Van, so even though he’s thrilled, he strategies to be strategic and methodical in vetting a assortment of companies to assure they make optimal use of the funds to support other people.” Environment Central Kitchen, Andrés’ nonprofit, disclosed that the reward would be utilised to combat planet hunger and is a 1-time award and not a multi-calendar year pledge, and would not specify whether the funds would be been given as a lump sum.

Bezos’ acknowledged charitable gifts, totaling more than $13 billion, would rank him amongst the biggest donors at any time. Other than all but about $1.5 billion of that sum are pledges of long run money—meaning he hasn’t given the income away still. In the meantime, yet another significant Amazon stockholder is giving away a better proportion of her fortune, and performing it substantially more quickly: Bezos’ ex-wife, MacKenzie Scott.

Scott married Jeff Bezos in 1994, the similar yr Bezos founded Amazon from their Bellevue, Washington garage. When the pair break up in 2019, Scott acquired a quarter of Bezos’ Amazon shares, a 4% stake worth $34 billion at the time. She rapidly got to function.

In July 2020 she declared her initially round of items: a full of $1.675 billion awarded to 116 organizations, which includes Howard University, a historically black college, and the Jackie Robinson Basis, which supports equality in training. And the donations came without strings attached—a departure from much of massive philanthropy, in which bucks are likely to be earmarked by their donors for sure plans or works by using. Another round of gifts, totaling $4.1 billion to 384 groups, arrived in December, adopted by a 3rd round of $2.7 billion to 286 groups in June 2021. In all, about 780 charitable teams have acquired funds from Scott to day and were promptly equipped to set these funds to use, according to nonprofit leaders who spoke to Forbes

Bezos’ most important donations, on the other hand, are generally doled out around a lengthy interval of time, producing Tuesday’s “no bureaucracy” giveaway feel like an exception to his pattern of supplying. Acquire the current $200 million present to the Smithsonian: it is a pledge, which means the museum will acquire the funds about time. (A museum rep declined to disclose the payment agenda.) The Bezos Earth Fund is furthermore a pledge. Even with an eye-popping motivation of $10 billion, Bezos has publicly donated just $791 million to day, with a approach to give the complete total by 2030. His first multi-billion greenback philanthropic initiative came in 2018 with the Bezos Day A person Fund, which aims to create a community of nonprofit preschools and assist corporations doing work with homeless individuals. To date, Bezos has supplied just about $300 million of the $2 billion he’s pledged to the initiative. (The Bezos Day A person Fund seems to be equivalent in quite a few means to Scott’s providing, with donations heading to nonprofits all all-around the U.S.)

In total, Bezos’ pledges of $12 billion sum to 6% of his latest $200 billion fortune. But with $1.5 billion in identified out-the-doorway donations, so far Bezos has essentially presented absent a lot less than a person percent of his present web worthy of. Scott, meanwhile, has currently provided absent 14% of her present web well worth (which stands at $60 billion, many thanks to Amazon’s skyrocketing inventory price)—including 10% in a one yr.

At the top of nationwide unrest around the murder of George Floyd, Scott targeted the lion’s share of her donations toward teams focusing on racial equity and economic mobility, this sort of as the Progression Job, Black Ladies Code and the Heart for Policing Fairness. She also fully commited to maintain offering absent her prosperity “until the harmless is empty.” For the 3 tranches of donations Scott’s built to day, she involved a full listing of groups that gained resources, but does not disclose how significantly is provided to every. (The groups are totally free to disclose the amounts if they motivation.)

Bezos’ philanthropic goals are decidedly extra obscure. His Earth Fund only says it will grant funds to “scientists, NGOs, activists, and the personal sector to aid generate new systems, investments, policy adjust and behavior.” But he has presented a bit additional detail than Scott when it arrives to distinct quantities offered: 16 corporations have obtained element of the nearly $800 million in cash donated so far, with the biggest quantity, $100 million, heading to the Earth Wildlife Fund. Bezos told Television journalist Charlie Rose in 2016 that he would try to match fellow billionaire Invoice Gates’ prolific philanthropy “if there is something left soon after I end constructing Blue Origin.”

The two also diverge when it comes to the businesses they’ve picked out to guidance. Bezos has so far favored massive-ticket names (the Smithsonian, Princeton University’s Neuroscience Institute) while Scott has built a stage of choosing grassroots and hyperlocal neighborhood teams. Scott wrote in her blog in June that she’s “attempting to give away a fortune that was enabled by devices in have to have of change” and “it would be superior if disproportionate prosperity have been not concentrated in a smaller range of hands.”